Understanding Color Management and Export Settings In Premiere Pro CC

How Do You Finish at the Highest Possible Quality in Premiere Pro CC?

June 18, 2019

Premiere Pro has strict, but hidden, color management. Learn how to setup the software and hardware for proper color management & finishing.


Premiere Pro Is Color Managed at 32-bit Float (with the proper options selected)!

Yes, I know … the Intertubes are filled with statements that Premiere Pro is not a color-managed application or that it only works at 8- or 10-bit color depth. But that is quite false.

Premiere Pro is actually a very tightly color-managed bit of software. But very few of those color management options are user selectable. What most of us never realized is that Premiere Pro is designed around a solid core of engineered color management. Unfortunately, the documentation and explanations of how it works are mostly non-existent. So for users, this color-management-through-obscurity feels like a complete lack of color management.

What is Premiere’s color management scheme? Premiere Pro is designed … hard-coded in fact … to be viewed on a pro-level broadcast computer system with fully calibrated profiled monitors set to long-standing broadcast standards. It follows all the formal standards for the format/codec combinations of media it is designed to handle. If you use the proper options and follow the proper workflow, Premiere Pro works internally at 32-bit float, honors the bit-depth of your source footage, and exports at the highest bit depth of the codec you’ve selected.

BUT – if you misconfigure a few settings (some of which are named in a way that confuses) or don’t pay attention to the plug-ins you’re using then your final renders won’t have the final quality you expect. It’s also important you understand how to view your images since Premiere Pro’s default assumption is that you are following a broadcast delivery (and viewing) pipeline.

Premiere Pro’s internal color management assumes a broadcast Rec.709 pipeline:

  • Video sRGB color space (sRGB color primaries and white points match the SMPTE Rec. 709 specification)
  • 2.4 gamma
  • 100 nit peak brightness

These are not the only assumptions hard-wired into Premiere. There are others that most users will not anticipate. So in this Insight, l work through those issues – from setting up the computer and viewing system, to the input, processing, and output pipelines.

In this Insight, you also learn what settings to ignore (or not) in the Export dialog box, with the when and why. Including, why almost everybody gets an option in that Export dialog box wrong!

You also learn the details on Premiere’s scopes and how to set the scales on those scopes. We destroy misinformation about Premiere’s 8-bit vs. 32-bit float processing pipelines. We also hit such things as using metadata-driven media from RED and other RAW codecs. This Insight covers all the various SDR and Rec.709 color management goodies that are user-accessible.

The Premiere Pro team says they are busy making changes to give users a lot more color management settings. But that is sometime in the unknown future, Adobe always being … well … Adobe. If Adobe wants to make Premiere a fully customizable color management tool then users need to be able to set monitor management, color space, and output profiles. But these features haven’t yet “shipped” here in 2019. So for now, this is Part 1 of how to set up and work within “Premiere Pro CC 2019 (and earlier) Rules of Color Management and High-Quality Exporting”.

Premiere Pro HDR Insight coming next!

This Insight is the first of two parts on the subject of color management using Premiere Pro. Part 2 has sections on non-Rec.709 workflows, including a lengthy bit for you Mac users with P3 monitors, and a section on using HDR. Specifically, Part 2 covers:

  • When to use the “Enable Color Display Management” option, including cautions.
  • Why the Apple P3-Display is a fascinating but very different viewing system.
  • Setting up your computer system to work with HDR media, proper HDR viewing setups, and the required gear.
  • The specific exporting steps to get HDR media out of Premiere.

Special Thanks to Adobe’s Patrick Palmer and Francis Crossman

I owe a huge debt of gratitude to Patrick Palmer, Adobe Senior Program Manager, and to one of Adobe’s color engineers, Francis Crossman. Patrick assigned Francis to me for this project, and we spent hours in screen share and phone calls … and in person at NAB. A good bit of the information included came from engineer’s notes and other internal documents that have never formally stated before. Enjoy, and profit!

Mentioned in this Insight



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  • R Neil Haugen

    Scott, I asked Francis Crossman about that Gamma effect in Premiere. He replied to the effect that’s an old, moldy thing, and from testing it for a few moments hasn’t a clue what the settings do … how it works, “where” in color terms it works … so wasn’t comfortable in suggesting anyone use it at all. It’s some kind of reliquary effect perhaps … from the times of Roman catacombs …

  • Camy

    Hi Neil
    Thank you for this really interesting topic.
    I keep looking for an answer to a very specific problem though.
    Maybe you or someone here will know something about it…
    When I import an FS7 S-Log 3 footage in Premiere Pro, it looks decontrasted, whereas it’s not on VLC or FCPX.
    A colorist friend told me I should look for an option that switches from full range to legal range, or the opposite.
    Have you ever heard about this issue ?
    Thanks a lot for everything !

  • Viktor Sloth Schroeder

    Hi Neil,
    Thanks for some great insight.
    Unfortunately it only left me even more head-scratching.
    It’s my coarse judgement that an increasingly percentage of premiere pro users are delivering for sRGB displays as the world moves more and more into mobile platforms.
    I, too have not delivered in a long time for TV even though I in the past nearly only did so.
    However, Adobe seems to be very stubborn to stay in this Rec709 workflow with most users delivering for sRGB and having sRGB monitors.
    God knows i have tried, but I have no idea how to deliver in the highest and most true form working with my Adobe RGB monitors and delivering for sRGB.
    It’s such a tedious process

  • Ethan W

    Hi Neil,
    Thank you for this post! This is really helpful for an editor trying to do color management properly.

    A question regarding exporting from Premiere: so based on the pipeline you provided above, I assume that when we export in H.264 or ProRes, Premiere will render videos in Video sRGB color space with white point matching Rec. 709 and 2.4 Gamma right?

    Then comes the age-old question that rendered video looks washed-out in Quicktime Player (I am using MacOS). However, this video from Baselight (https://vimeo.com/349868875) provides an explanation – it is the wrong NCLC tagging from export that causes this misinterpretation by Quicktime player. So I checked all the video I have done in the past and all of them say 1-1-1 in color profile, which the transfer function tag represents Rec. 709 Camera OETF (roughly 1.95 Gamma), not tagging 2.4 Gamma which Premiere exports.

    So is there a solution to this question? It seems to me that wrong NCLC tagging by Premiere is causing this problem here but since there is no option to specify rendered color space/Gamma, there is no way to change it in Premiere. This has me scratching my heard so hard and got me so confused why this cannot be solved. Any opinion on this issue? thank you!

  • blearting

    This is fantastic, thanks for posting. I’ve never seen all this information in one place. When does part 2 come out??

  • Gleb Volkov

  • Pat Inhofer

    Thanks for that!

  • Pat Inhofer

    I’ve put the two Insights into a Series, now. Thanks for the heads-up.

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