How To Apply Custom Aspect Ratios In DaVinci Resolve

How To Apply Custom Aspect Ratios In DaVinci Resolve

June 5, 2013

When a client asks for a specific pixel dimension or Aspect Ratio learn how you can precisely set it up in DaVinci Resolve, even if no preset exists.


Custom Aspect Ratios in DaVinci Resolve

Have you ever had a client drop the line, “we shot this for 2:35” in a color correction session? It’s something I come across almost everyday when grading. What does the  the term ‘2.35’ or ‘1.85’ mean? And once we know what it means, how do we use it to create the final image size the client wants? 

What is  the number ‘2.35’?

Hight Definition video has several different frame sizes. The most popular: 1920×1080. That number is commonly reduced to a ratio of 16:9 or 16 pixels of width for every 9 pixels of height… making HD video a long rectangle.

If you divide 1920 by 1080 (or 16 by 9)? That reduces the ratio down to a single number: 1.77 (it actually goes out many more decimal places, but 1.77 is a ‘good enough’ truncation). So a client who shoots a project to fully fill the HD screen would say, “we shot this for 1.77”. They could also say, “we shot this for 16:9”. What about a shooting aspect ratio of 2.35?

Now lets figure out the pixel dimensions for 1920 HD with an aspect ration of 2.35

We’re starting with two numbers: HD Video with a width of 1920 pixels and the aspect ratio reduced down to 2.35. We need to figure out: How many pixels tall is our image? Let’s turn this into a simple equation:

1920 * X = 2.35

where X=Height(in pixels)

Some more basic High School math has us swapping X with 2.35 and ending up with:

1920 / 2.35 (or any aspect ration reduced down) = X

Pulling up a calculator: 1920 / 2.35 = 817 pixels tall.

If standard HD is 1920 x 1080, then our client who shot 1920 but wants an Aspect Ration of 2.35? They shot assuming to the dimensions of 1920 x 817. This is less tall than our HD televisions, forcing us to crop the top and bottom of the image to match the shooting style of our client.

How do we crop an entire timeline in DaVinci Resolve to custom aspect ratios?

That’s what you’ll learn in this Insight. Using this very basic math, a client can walk in quoting pixel dimension, Aspect Ratios or the reduced Aspect Ratio and you’ll learn how to precisely set that up in DaVinci Resolve.

In truth, Resolve has some quick presets you can apply for common crop sizes. But using the technique I’m showing you here, you can now apply your own custom crops to any crazy custom aspect ratios a client hands you.

I’ve listed the numbers below the video for the ratios I’ve used so you can have them to add to your grading toolbox!

– Dan

Member Content

Sorry... the rest of this content is for members only. You'll need to login or sign up to continue (we hope you do!).

Membership options
Member Login

Comments

5 thoughts on “How To Apply Custom Aspect Ratios In DaVinci Resolve”

  1. I am a very raw beginner! I hope what I say here can be done in Da Vinci. From what I can tell so far it seems that it can.

    I get clips from time to time that have been shot in 16:9 aspect ration (that I need to insert into a Power Point file) that I want to have as a 16:10 aspect ratio as all my presentations have the 16:10 aspect ratio. So, I want Da Vinci to be able to take the 16:9 video clip and alter it so it has a 16:10 aspect ratio upon export so the video clip when inserted into my Power Point files will fill the whole projection screen area (16:10 ratio) without any black bars at the top or sides of the frame and with out any distortion. E.g., so that a circle is still a true circle when in the 16:10 format.

    I appreciate that such a process will crop about 5% off each end of the frame but that is not really a big issue for me.

    What is the step by step method for doing this?

    Regards,
    Rod

    1. Hi Rod!

      I would put your video into a project that is set up at 1920×1200 (which is 16:10). You’ll probably need to zoom it up to fill the extra black area to a level you are happy with. Once that is done you should be able to hit render and drop your video into Power Point.

      1. Thanks Dan. That gives me a starting point approach. I have actually been toying with a trial version of Avid but, all has gone to mush with the down load/installation so I will try and down load the free version of Da Vinci and see how I go. Thanks for your help.

Leave a Reply

Hundreds of Free Tutorials

Get full access to our entire library of 900+ color tutorials for an entire week!


Start Your Free Trial
Loading...